Getting my head around Airbnb….what I’m reading

Here’s a preliminary list of some articles I’ve found useful and relevant to conceptualizing Airbnb, and its role and impact in relation to rental housing in Vancouver – sort of a preview lit review bibliography. This has a bit of a Canadian, and a Vancouver, slant to it, because that’s my context. Some of these I have a better handle on than others (to make a massive understatement). Definitely a work in progress…Will add more about the “sharing economy” and Vancouver’s economy at a later date.

Regarding access to the full text of journal articles…I am fortunate to be able to access to a smorgasbord of stuff right now by dint of the fact that I’m paying tuition to SFU (thanks SFU library). If you don’t have that same access, try searching through your own public library, such as the VPL. There’s a good chance that will work for you. Perhaps an interlibrary loan? If not, you might want to check out the external access programs offered by your local post-secondary institution – I think most have some version of that by now. Info on SFU’s program is here. There’s also Google Scholar…or google the article author/s – sometimes they post their own published articles or similar versions.

On housing as a right

Bratt, Rachel G., Michael E. Stone, and Chester Hartman. “Why a Right to Housing Is Needed and Makes Sense.” In The Affordable Housing Reader, edited by Rosie Tighe and Elizabeth Mueller, 53–72. London ; New York: Routledge, 2012.

Carver, Humphrey. “The Ultimate Housing Problem.” In Houses for Canadians: A Study of Housing Problems in the Toronto Area, 1948. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

United Nations General Assembly. “The Universal Declaration of Human Rights.” United Nations, December 10, 1948.

On affordable and rental housing policy

Eberle, Margaret, and Don Driedger. “Missing the Bus: Transportation and Housing Affordability.” PowerPoint presented at the BC Nonprofit Housing Association Annual Conference, Richmond, BC, November 17, 2014.

Hulchanski, David. Canada’s Dual Housing Policy: Assisting Owners, Neglecting Renters. Toronto: Centre for Urban and Community Studies, University of Toronto, September 2007.

Sewell, John. Houses and Homes: Housing for Canadians. Toronto: J. Lorimer, 1994.

On financialization, particularly of housing

Aalbers, Manuel B. “The Financialization of Home and the Mortgage Market Crisis.” Competition & Change 12, no. 2 (June 2008): 148–66. doi:10.1179/102452908X289802.

———. “The Great Moderation, the Great Excess and the Global Housing Crisis.” International Journal of Housing Policy 0, no. 0 (2015): 1–18. doi:10.1080/14616718.2014.997431.

Fields, Desiree, and Sabina Uffer. “The Financialisation of Rental Housing: A Comparative Analysis of New York City and Berlin.” Urban Studies, July 31, 2014, 0042098014543704. doi:10.1177/0042098014543704.

Harris, Douglas C. “The Condominium and the City: The Rise of Property in Vancouver.” Law & Social Inquiry 36, no. 3 (June 1, 2011): 694–726. doi:10.1111/j.1747-4469.2011.01247.x.

Lapavitsas, Costas. “The Financialisation of Everyday Life Must Be Confronted.” New Statesman, November 1, 2013.

Martin, Randy. Financialization Of Daily Life. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2002.

Sawyer, Malcolm. “What Is Financialization?” International Journal of Political Economy 42, no. 4 (December 1, 2013): 5–18. doi:10.2753/IJP0891-1916420401.

Smith, Susan J. “Owner Occupation: At Home in a Spatial, Financial Paradox.” International Journal of Housing Policy 0, no. 0 (2015): 1–23. doi:10.1080/14616718.2014.997432.

Shiller, Robert J. Irrational Exuberance. 2nd edition. New York: Crown Business, 2006.

On urban inequality and justice

Fainstein, Susan S. The Just City. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2010.

Hulchanksi, David. The Three Cities Within Toronto: Income Polarization Among Toronto’s Neighbourhoods, 1970-2005. (2010). Toronto: Cities Centre, University of Toronto.

Ley, David, and Nicholas Lynch. Divisions and Disparities in Lotus-Land: Socio-Spatial Income Polarization in Greater Vancouver, 1970-2005. Research. Toronto: Cities Centre, University of Toronto, August 2012.

On regulating short-term rentals

Gottlieb, Charles. “Residential Short-Term Rentals: Should Local Governments Regulate the ‘Industry’? Planning & Environmental Law. 65, no. 2 (2013): 4–9. doi:10.1080/15480755.2013.766496.

Pindell, Ngai. “” Home Sweet Home: The Efficacy of Rental Restrictions to Promote Neighborhood Stability”. Saint Louis University Public Law Review 29 (2010 2009): 41-84.

Wyatt, Anne. “When Vacancies Are an Asset: Empty Units Could Be Converted to Affordable Rental Housing.” Planning 80, no. 9 (2014): 29–32.

On urban tourism, “new urban tourism” and “authenticity”

Ashworth, Gregory, and Stephen J. Page. “Urban Tourism Research: Recent Progress and Current Paradoxes.” Tourism Management 32, no. 1 (February 2011): 1–15. doi:10.1016/j.tourman.2010.02.002.

Füller, Henning, and Boris Michel. “‘Stop Being a Tourist!’ New Dynamics of Urban Tourism in Berlin-Kreuzberg.” International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 38, no. 4 (July 1, 2014): 1304–18. doi:10.1111/1468-2427.12124.

Zukin, Sharon. Naked City: The Death and Life of Authentic Urban Places. Reprint edition. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 2011.

How does all this fit together? Sorta like this, maybe….. Also, if you are interested in more of this type of reading, see my list of housing, urban studies and urban planning articles (not directly related to Airbnb, posted on my other blog). Just the ones that catch my attention as I scroll through my various table-of-contents alerts on academic journals…

Airbnb and Housing in a Venn Diagram

In planning the literature review section of my thesis I’ve been advised to ensure I make the links between all the various concepts and bodies of literature I want to draw on and reference. That seems easy enough, since to me all the concepts actually are connected – it’s not like I have to make the connections up. But having something in one’s head and articulating it on paper are two different things. So, I made this diagram to help me show/talk about the connections.

I see Airbnb as being the product of, and at the intersection of, all these concepts, trends, inventions, etc. The names of these three broad areas came after grouping the individual list items in what seemed like a logical way. I don’t see this as a perfect or finished conceptualization…some things could easily go in more than one category and I’m probably missing some stuff. Ideas could perhaps be named or identified in better ways…Still, it’s been helpful to me so far (click to enlarge).

Airbnb instersections and ingredients

This is also somewhat particular to Vancouver – at least the “condomania” part and the Strata Titles Act of 1966, because equivalent legislation was passed at different times elsewhere. For more on that fascinating topic (I’m serious), see The Condominium and the City: The Rise of Property in Vancouver, by Douglas Harris in Law and Social Inquiry (Summer 2011). It’s very readable.

Other literature I’ve (so far) found relevant to the concepts in this diagram is here.